Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Hotspots show that vegetation alters climate by up to 30 percent

Credit: Xi Yang/University of Virginia New York, NY -- May 29, 2017 -- A new Columbia Engineering study, led by Pierre Gentine, associate professor of earth and environmental engineering, analyzes gl..

Toward an HIV cure: Pitt team develops test to detect hidden virus

PITTSBURGH, May 29, 2017 - The quest to develop a cure for HIV has long been plagued by a seemingly simple question: How do doctors determine if someone is cured? The virus has a knack for lying dorma..

Graphene and quantum dots put in motion a CMOS-integrated camera that can see the...

Credit: ICFO/ D. Bartolome Over the past 40 years, microelectronics have advanced by leaps and bounds thanks to silicon and CMOS (Complementary metal-oxide semiconductors) technology, making possib..

Squeezing every drop of fresh water from waste brine

Credit: UC Riverside RIVERSIDE, Calif. -- Engineers at the University of California, Riverside have developed a new way to recover almost 100 percent of the water from highly concentrated salt soluti..

HIV: A therapeutic advance for resource-limited settings

ANRS 12286 MOBIDIP(1), a clinical trial running in parallel in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Cameroon, Burkina Faso, and Senegal), shows that dual therapy with lamivudine and a boosted protea..

Legalizing marijuana will harm health of youth in Canada

The federal government's bill C-45 to legalize marijuana in Canada will jeopardize the health of young people and Parliament should vote against it, argues the interim editor-in-chief of CMAJ (Ca..

Vision keeps maturing until mid-life

HAMILTON, ON, May 29, 2017 - The visual cortex, the human brain's vision-processing centre that was previously thought to mature and stabilize in the first few years of life, actually continues t..

First Nations, Inuit babies hospitalized more often in first year of life

First Nations and Inuit babies were hospitalized much more often in the first year of life compared with non-Indigenous babies, many for preventable illnesses, found a new study of infant hospitalizat..

How the visual cortex changes from birth to old age

A study of post-mortem brain tissue reveals the human primary visual cortex (V1) develops gradually throughout life. The research, published in The Journal of Neuroscience, may help to explain why the..

Increasing the age limit for Lynch syndrome genetic testing may save lives

Copenhagen, Denmark: Raising the age limit for routine genetic testing in colorectal cancer could identify more cases of families affected by Lynch syndrome, a condition that accounts for around 5% of..

High-fat diet alters reward system in rats

Exposure to high-fat diet from childhood may increase the sensitivity of the dopamine system later in adulthood, according to a study in male rats published in eNeuro. The research describes potential..

How self-regulation can help young people overcome setbacks

Failing an exam at school, getting rejected for a job or being screamed at by your teacher or superior are only a few examples of situations that may cause despair, disappointment or a sense of failur..

Connecting the dots between dreams and brain disease

Dr. John Peever at the University of Toronto has been working to answer one of humanity's greatest questions: how do we dream? He has found a certain area of the brain is responsible for this phe..

CRISPR gene editing can cause hundreds of unintended mutations

- New York, NY (May 29, 2017) -- As CRISPR-Cas9 starts to move into clinical trials, a new study published in Nature Methods has found that the gene-editing technology can introduce hundreds of uninte..