Credit: ©Science China Press
Nanotheranostics, integrating diagnostic and therapeutic functions by nanoplatform, exhibits a great potential in precision and personalized medicine, and also raises the requirement on multifunctional nanomaterials in pursuit of both good biocompatibility and high theranostic performances. The emergence of diverse multifunctional nanomaterials and advanced nanotechnologies unprecedentedly simulates the evolution of nanotheranostics, and enables the integration of multimodal imaging and therapeutic functions in a single theranostic nanoparticle for high-efficacy theranostics of diseases. In engineering of theranostic nanoplatforms, biocompatibility and multifunction are two most important factors which need to be considered. Among various nanotheranostics, multimodal imaging-guided photothermal therapy has attracted intensive attention owing to its less invasiveness and lower side effects compared with conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
In a new article published in the Beijing-based National Science Review, scientists in Shenzhen University, China, hypothesize that controllable incorporation of biocompatible Se element into the lattice of Te nanostructures for construction of TeSex nano-alloys could intrinsically tune the inherent cytotoxicity of Te nanomaterials, enhance the biocompatibility of Te nanomaterials and extend their functions for biomedical applications. In this work, a series of TeSex nano-alloys with different Se incorporating proportions are synthesized to investigate their biocompatibility and develop their theranostic functions. It is determined that the toxicity of Te nanomaterials mainly comes from irreversible oxidation stress and intracellular imbalance of organization and energy, which is exterminated by the nano-alloying by incorporating a moderate proportion of Se (x=0.43). The synthesized TeSex nano-alloy exhibits extraordinarily high NIR-II-photothermal conversion efficiency (77.2%), 64Cu coordination and CT contrast capabilities, enabling high-efficacy photothermal therapy of cancer under the guidance of multimodal PT/PA/PET/CT imaging.
Several main advances are achieved. (1) Advanced TeSex nano-alloys are facilely constructed to intrinsically eliminate the inherent toxicity of Te nanomaterials by the moderate incorporation of biocompatible Se. (2) Advanced mechanisms for Te nanomaterial toxification and TeSex alloying detoxification are uncovered. (3) Advanced theranostic performances with ordinarily high NIR-II-photothermal efficiency and multimodal PT/PA/CT/PET imaging capability are achieved by proposed nano-alloying strategy.
This research received financial support from the National Natural Science
Foundation of China, Special Funds for the Development of Strategic Emerging Industries in Shenzhen, Shenzhen Basic Research Program, Shenzhen Peacock Plan, Educational Commission of Guangdong Province, Guangdong Special Support Program and Pengcheng Scholar Program, the University of Wisconsin – Madison, and the National Institutes of Health.
See the article:
Xiang Ling, Zhaokui Jin, Qi Jiang, Xiaotao Wang, Bin Wei, Zhongchang Wang, Yangsen Xu, Tianye Cao, Jonathan W Engle, Weibo Cai, Chenliang Su, Qianjun He
Engineering biocompatible TeSex nano-alloys as a versatile theranostic nanoplatform
Natl Sci Rev doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwaa156
The National Science Review is the first comprehensive scholarly journal released in English in China that is aimed at linking the country’s rapidly advancing community of scientists with the global frontiers of science and technology. The journal also aims to shine a worldwide spotlight on scientific research advances across China.
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