Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Largest ever brain cancer study reveals new secrets to inherited risk

Scientists have uncovered a treasure trove of information about the genetic causes of brain cancer in the largest ever study of the disease. Their research has revealed 13 new genetic errors associa..

Study provides path for new immunotherapy approaches to prostate cancer

Credit: MD Anderson Cancer Center Prostate cancer, notoriously resistant to immunotherapy due to its immunologically cool nature, triggers two pathways to chill an immune attack after one immunothe..

How randomness helps cancer cells thrive

In a research effort that merged genetics, physics and information theory, a team at the schools of medicine and engineering at The Johns Hopkins University has added significantly to evidence that la..

New genetic risk factors identify 2 distinct glioma subtypes

Credit: Baylor College of Medicine An international consortium of researchers led by Dr. Melissa Bondy, professor of medicine, associate director for population sciences at the Dan L Duncan Comprehe..

MicroRNA treatment restores nerve insulation, limb function in mice with MS

Credit: Cincinnati Children's CINCINNATI - Scientists partially re-insulated ravaged nerves in mouse models of multiple sclerosis (MS) and restored limb mobility by treating the animals with a..

A big leap toward tinier lines

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- For the last few decades, microchip manufacturers have been on a quest to find ways to make the patterns of wires and components in their microchips ever smaller, in order to fit m..

Graphene-based neural probes probe brain activity in high resolution

Credit: ICN2 Measuring brain activity with precision is essential to developing further understanding of diseases such as epilepsy and disorders that affect brain function and motor control. Neural..

Friction shapes zebrafish embryos

Credit: IST Austria A simple ball of cells is the starting point for humans -- and zebrafish. At the end of embryonic development, however, a fish and a human look very different. The biochemical s..

Nanocages dramatically facilitate structure formation of biomolecules

Credit: Kyoto University iCeMS Macromolecules regularly fold and unfold themselves inside cells. Their diverse three-dimensional structures help determine their functions. Understanding molecule fo..

New rice strain could help farmers predetermine harvest time

Credit: 2017 Takeshi Izawa. A new strain of rice that flowers within a certain period of time after being sprayed with commercial chemicals commonly used to protect rice from fungal diseases is now..

New tool allows analysis of single-cell RNA data in pre-malignant tumours

Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute scientists and their collaborators have developed a new analysis tool that was able to show, for the first time, which genes were expressed by individual cells in diffe..

Scientists discover mechanism that causes cancer cells to self-destruct

Many cancer patients struggle with the adverse effects of chemotherapy, still the most prescribed cancer treatment. For patients with pancreatic cancer and other aggressive cancers, the forecast is mo..

Stars born in winds from supermassive black holes

Credit: ESO/M. Kornmesser Observations using ESO's Very Large Telescope have revealed stars forming within powerful outflows of material blasted out from supermassive black holes at the cores ..

Enzyme structures illuminate mechanism behind bacteria’s bioremediation prowess

MADISON, Wis. -- Bacteria, like humans and animals, must eat. Sometimes, they consume a pollutant in the environment that humans want to get rid of, a process called bioremediation. Investigating th..